Andhra Pradesh is located on the eastern coast of India. Maharashtra borders it on the west, Orissa to the north, and Tamil Nadu to the south. The people of Andhra Pradesh speak Telugu. In 1953, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to have its borders designated by language.
Hyderabad is an interesting city. There are some ancient Buddhist sites in Andhra Pradesh, such as Nagarjunakonda and Amaravati, southeast of Hyderabad. In the southeast part of the state is the important temple town of Tirupati, which is one of the most popular temples in India.
During the monsoon the deltas of the Krishna and Godavari rivers may flood disrupting train travel between Calcutta and Chennai. The worst months are October and November.
Andhra Pradesh was ruled from the 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD by the Andhras dynasty, also known as the Satavahanas. In the 7th century the Chalukyas took control of the area to be followed by the Cholas in the 10th century.
In the 13th century the Kakatiyas from Warangal took control. Muslims forces under the Sultans of Delhi started to come into the area. In the beginning of the 14th century they were able to take over the area. After a short while, the Hindu Vijayanagar Empire replaced them.
In the 16th century the Muslim Qutb Shahi dynasty took control of Hyderabad and ruled from the Golconda Fort. In 1687, one of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb’s generals took control of the area, when the then ruler refused to pay tribute to Delhi. After the death of Aurangzeb, the viceroy who used to rule under him took control of the area in 1723 and took the title, “Nizam.” The Nizams ruled under the protection of the British until 1948.
After Independence in 1947, Nizam Usman Ali did not want to merge his kingdom with the rest of India, at which time 85% were Hindus. After one year the Indian army came in and annexed his territory. The Nizam at one time was said to be the richest man in the world. The state of Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1956 by merging the state of Hyderabad to the west, with the section of the Madras Presidency where they spoke Telegu, on the east coast.