Govardhan Town

Manasi Ganga Kund is traditionally the starting and ending point of the circumambulation of Govardhan Hill. It is a large lake located in the middle of the town of Govardhan, and it is in the center of Govardhan Hill. It is considered to be as holy as the Ganges.

Mana means “mind” and Ganga refers to the Ganges River. Once Nanda and Yasoda, hearing of the glories of the Ganges River, had a desire to bathe in it. All the cowherd boys did not want to leave Vrindavan, though Krishna was willing to take them there despite the great distance. They wishfully said, “I wish mother Ganga would come here.” To fulfill the desires of his devotees, Krishna entered into meditation and from his mind sprung the kund known as Manasi Ganga.

The temple of Chakaleswar Siva-linga is at Manasi Ganga. It is one of the five presiding Siva-lingas worshiped in Vrindavan. Chakra Tirtha, which was created by the Sudarsana Chakra, is embedded in the northern bank of Manasi Ganga.
On the bank of Manasi Ganga is the Mukharavinda Temple. There are two shilas in this temple. One shila is marked with the outline of Krishna’s crown (Mukut-shila). According to Bhaktisiddhanta Maharaja the other shila is the mouth of Govardhan (Mukharavinda-shila).

The Harideva Temple, near Manasi Ganga, was established by Krishna’s great-grandson 4,800 years ago. Harideva is one of the four presiding Deities of Vrindavan. The temple is a two-minute walk from the southern bank of Manasi Ganga. The temple was built by King Bhagandas of Jaipur, whose son, Raja Man Singh, built the Govindaji Temple in the sixteenth century during the reign of Emperor Akbar.

Brahma Kund is the water that collected after Lord Brahma bathed Lord Krishna. This is where Lord Brahma offered his prayers after he took the cowherd boys away and hid them to test the power of Krishna. It is located on the southern bank of Manasi Ganga. Manasi Devi Temple is located on the bank of Brahma Kund. Manasi Devi is the presiding deity of Manasi Ganga, and one of the four main goddesses of Braja Dhama. The others are Vrinda Devi, in Kamavan; Yogamaya Devi in Vrindavan; and Pataleswari Devi in Mathura.

After bathing in Manasi Ganga and taking darshan of Harideva, one goes to the parikrama path and continues through the market. You will then come to a busy crossing where you should turn right onto the road that goes over Govardhan Hill, about 300m ahead. Just before reaching the top of the hill, you will come to the Lakshmi-Narayana Temple on your left. This is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples mentioned by the Alwars as being one of the most important temples in India. Just after the Lakshmi-Narayana Temple, before the top of the hill is a left turn that continues the parikrama of Govardhan.

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