Lothal – Gujarat
Lothal, about 90km southwest of Ahmedabad, is what remains of a city of the Indus Valley Civilization dating from 2400 to 1900 BC (about 4,000 years ago). It was discovered in 1945. It is believed that this city is associated with the Indus Valley cities of Harappa and Mohenjodara, which are now in Pakistan.
This city had well laid out streets, a good drainage system, and brickwork. You can see ruins of houses, shops, a bathhouse, roads, a sewer, and a dock. It is believed that this was once a major Indian port. Ancient seals have been discovered here which indicates that trade was done with Egypt and Persia.
There is a Museum with exhibits of items found during excavation—jewelry, toys, pottery, seals, and weights. The pots and toys made of red pottery indicate that Lothal may have been inhabited before 4000 BC. Open daily except Fri 10 am to 5 pm.
To get to Lothal from Ahmedabad, you must first take a bus going to Bhavnagar and get off at Dholka. You then get another bus to Lothal.